Currency Terms and Definitions Glossary

Related concepts Counterfeit money Currency transaction tax Debasement Fiscal localism Foreign exchange market Foreign exchange reserves History of banking History of money Mutilated currency Optimum currency area Slang terms for money Virtual currency World currency. Keep pace in the competitive and fast-moving foreign exchange forex markets by knowing the economic factors and indicators to watch. It enhances overall trading performance, enabling financial institutions to improve their customer service, and increases trading volume. When a security trades on an exchange, buyers and sellers determine the market value of a stock or bond. During the Christmas and Easter season, some spot trades can take as long as six days to settle. To see your saved stories, click on link hightlighted in bold. This was to assure the individual taking the coin that he was getting a certain known weight of precious metal.

What is a 'Valuation' Valuation is the process of determining the current worth of an asset or a company. There are many techniques used for doing a valuation. An analyst placing a value on a company looks at the business's management, the composition of its capital structure, the prospect of future earnings, and the market value of its assets.


It includes all of the currencies in the world. There is no central marketplace for currency exchange ; trade is conducted over the counter. The forex market is open 24 hours a day, five days a week, except for holidays, and currencies are traded worldwide.

The forex is the largest market in the world in terms of the total cash value traded, and any person, firm or country may participate in this market. The global foreign exchange market is the largest and the most liquid financial market in the world, with average daily volumes in the trillions of dollars.

Forex transactions take place on either a spot or a forward basis. There is no centralized market for forex transactions, which are executed over the counter and around the clock. The forex market is unique for several reasons, mainly because of its size. Trading volume is generally very large. The market is open 24 hours a day, five days a week across major financial centers across the globe.

This means that you can buy or sell currencies at any time during the day. The foreign exchange market isn't exactly a one-stop shop. There are a whole variety of different avenues that an investor can go through in order to execute forex trades. You can go through different dealers or through different financial centers, which use a host of electronic networks. From a historic standpoint, foreign exchange was once a concept for governments, large companies and hedge funds.

But in today's world, trading currencies is as easy as a click of a mouse — accessibility is not an issue, which means anyone can do it. In fact, many investment firms offer the chance for individuals to open accounts and to trade currencies however and whenever they choose. A currency's devaluation is the result of a nation's monetary policy.

A central bank can make the conscious effort to make its currency less valuable. If Country XYZ's currency is set at a fixed exchange rate of 2: This means the central bank of XYZ will declare their fixed exchange rate to be This makes their debt outstanding is now worth five times less. It's a very tricky maneuver with grave economic consequences. Whether deliberate or as a result of market climate, currency devaluation reduces the price of a country's domestic output.

This has the potential to benefit the economy by helping to increase its export volume. Conversely, import volumes become stifled as the price of foreign-produced goods and services increases dramatically. The opposite of devaluation is known as revaluation. For a more thorough explanation of currency devaluation, how China manipulates its currency worth and the economic impact following Argentina's devaluation, please read this educational article: See words that rhyme with devaluation Spanish Central: Translation of devaluation Nglish: Translation of devaluation for Spanish speakers Britannica.

Encyclopedia article about devaluation. What made you want to look up devaluation? All of these valuation elements will tend to affect the exchange rate on currency pairs to some degree. Economists often assign weights to these factors that pertain to each currency in order to make long term exchange rate forecasts.

Basically, keeping an eye on the fundamental economics of the countries involved can be a useful indicator for forecasting long term trends in the valuation of one currency in relation to another. Trading Foreign Exchange on margin carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. The possibility exists that you could lose more than your initial deposit. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you. Brought to you by: Was this article helpful?

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What is a 'Valuation'

Aug 27,  · In years past, the process of currency valuation tended to rest upon criteria such as the amount of gold bullion that is held by the treasury of a given country. Simply put, the more gold on hand, the more secure the currency was considered to be. Forex (FX) is the market in which currencies are traded. The forex market is the largest, most liquid market in the world, with average traded values that can be trillions of dollars per day. It includes all of the currencies in the world. FX forward Definition. An FX Forward contract is an agreement to buy or sell a fixed amount of foreign currency at previously agreed exchange rate (called strike) at defined date (called maturity).. FX Forward Valuation Calculator.